May 29-June 1, 2019
Aaron Wunsch, Jeff Cohen, Jillian Galle, Catherine Morrissey, Jennifer Robinson, Michael Emmons, co-chairs
Join us in the City of Brotherly Love for VAF’s 40th Annual Conference. This conference explores the successive and overlapping built peripheries of the city, from the early 18th century to the present. Through a study of the zones around the city core, we take conference goers on a journey along the arteries and into the formerly peripheral urban zones that are now incorporated into and transformed by surrounding urban fabric. The conference documents the blurred divisions between city and countryside, commercial and residential, rich and poor neighborhoods over a landscape shaped by the rivers, railways and trolley lines, and interstates.
The conference is headquartered at The University of Pennsylvania, in the heart of lovely West Philadelphia. The conference opens on Wednesday, May 29th, with a late-afternoon reception, plenary session, and awards ceremony held at the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Design. Please note that the reception starts at 4:30, so plan your travel accordingly.
Thursday’s three bus tours map the diverse architectural legacies of the Philadelphia’s peripheries over three centuries, legacies which are often as jumbled as their changing historical narratives. The Germantown & Northwest Philadelphia Tour: Seekers, Servants, Grandees, Mechanics, traces the route that connected Philadelphia to its most important early satellite “street village,” Germantown. While the 18th -century spine of Germantown Avenue will give this tour narrative and geographical coherence, we will also explore factories and residential streets at its edges to show its later development, first as a street-car suburb, and later as an important center of industrial development. We will visit country houses including Stenton and Cliveden, Bringhurst Street to illustrate the working class cottages of mechanics, East Penn Street and Tulpehocken for high end suburban housing, and the industrial area east of The Avenue. Sites of slavery and resistance include Cliveden and Johnson House, and we will also touch on the demographic and social changes in the 20th century.
Darby and Southwest Philadelphia Tour: Villa, Village, Suburb, City travels along Woodland Avenue and Darby’s Main Street, though we will return via a more circuitous eastern route. Featured sites along the route illustrate ongoing patterns of arrival, settlement, and interaction among ethnic groups from the 18th century to the present. We will discuss evolving modes of farming, building, manufacturing, transportation, and worship. Key sites will include: country houses such as The Woodlands and Bartram’s Garden; Darby Borough, which encompasses the transition from Quaker country town to industrial village; and Eastwick, which presents us with a new paradigm of working-class suburbanization. Narratives of African-American presence are woven throughout this landscape, especially in Paschallville, Darby’s Mt. Zion A.M.E. Church, and nearby Eden Cemetery.
Tacony & Northeast Philadelphia: Industrial and Residential Landscapes along the Delaware River traverses a landscape shaped by shipbuilding and a host of early industries that grew up along the Delaware River. The tour stops first in Kensington, a mid-19th century working class town that grew up around the Dyottville Glassworks. Sites include an late 18th-century Court, 19th-century worker housing, churches, and a burial ground. Bus moves onto Tacony, a company town that grew up around the Diston Saw Works. Tacony stops include Diston Saw Works and the churches, social halls, and houses across the economic spectrum shaped by the demands of a company town.
At the end of the day, all three tours will meet-up at The Woodlands for a tour and reception, both included in tour registration. Due to the steep costs of hosting a conference in a large city, we are unable to provide a reasonably priced meal as part of registration. However, weather permitting, the site will stay open after the tour and reception. Local, high-quality food trucks will be available for those who wish to picnic together on the bucolic grounds. Those who do not wish to picnic may disperse for dinner in West Philadelphia.
On Friday we’ll be in the city proper, with more than a dozen sites open as we self-navigate across Center City and the northern part of South Philadelphia with rich documentation in hand. Philadelphia is a rowhouse city, and among the morning’s open-house offerings will be a number of sites that explore ranges of instances and plan types in that most dominant and characterizing element of the city’s historical urban fabric: row houses. In keeping with our overarching theme, “Landscapes of Succession,” our main focus lies beyond the colonial city and its traditional “historic district”. Buildings range from the elite townhouses that miraculously survive along Spruce and Pine streets, to the contrasting settings of the interiors of these very large blocks, then further south into the city’s 7th ward that was the focus of W E B DuBois’s 1899 study, The Philadelphia Negro, and finally into the northern part of South Philadelphia, with blocks of working-class houses built up before the mid-19th century that became the home of successive and co-mingling immigrant populations, especially Irish, Italian and Eastern European. And we will move west and south with the decades, noting morphological and social change -- the former with the help of fire insurance surveyors period plans and real-estate-atlas snippets, the latter through detailed research on owners, residents, and developers. With this focus, we dedicate a critical mass of attention to this building type and the theme of 19th-century speculative development as a central one in many cities, with a focus on the genesis and occupants of these rows.
These same districts were subject to later waves of succession, especially to the west, as the speculative edge near Rittenhouse Square became a fashionable enclave, and repetitive rowhouses were dramatically individualized as townhouses, and lots used for more utilitarian or institutional purposes were claimed for grander new houses. And slightly later came a tide of tall apartment buildings, often claiming corner sites. Our prepared wanderings will take us to sites in these continually evolving built landscapes, also including churches, stores, and perhaps a bar or two along the way.
Friday afternoon will explore four other themes in topically and geographically focused clusters. Two will look to the north of Market Street and to the east, one focused on 18th-century residential space on Elfreth’s Alley, based on research conducted by Bernie Herman and his students. The other, based on Jeff Cohen’s research, will look nearby at the mid-19th century formation of the central business district near 3rd and Market streets. A few blocks to the south, we will explore sites in another transformed district, in the re-creation of Society Hill in the 1950s and 60s. Here we will be guided by the recent research of Francesa Russello Ammon, who has been examining documents that track the careful editing of this built landscape. A fourth foray, developed by Amy Hillier, will guide participants through Du Bois’s 7th ward, with opportunities to visit churches, fire houses, and row houses.
The field guide will also be opportunistic all though the day, identifying other sites of potential VAFfer interest within our territory from various eras and touching on various themes. We’ll liberally seed this part of the city with volunteers to help orient you, and street-side opportunities for food and snacks will be plentiful. We will provide SEPTA day passes for easily traversing the city on subways and buses, and getting from and back to West Philadelphia. Dinner Friday night will be on your own, with a plethora of possibilities within easy reach.
Saturday’s paper sessions will be followed by the banquet, the Glassie Award, and dancing. All of these events will be held on the University of Pennsylvania campus in Houston Hall, the oldest student union building in the United States.
Pre- and Post-Conference Attractions
On Tuesday, May 28 and Wednesday, May 29th, the Graduate Program in Historic Preservation at PennDesign, the Architectural Archives at Penn, Rutgers University, and the University of Sydney are hosting a two-day symposium, The Cultural Value of Everyday Places, in honor of Richard W. Longstreth. A link to registration and more information will be made available.
A host of guided walking tours of areas we can’t get to during the conference will be offered on Wednesday, May 29th and Sunday, June 2nd by Philadelphia’s Preservation Alliance, Hidden City, and the Chestnut Hill Historical Society. These opportunities will be posted on the VAF website and available on the VAF Philadelphia conference website.
The conference is headquartered at the The University of Pennsylvania. Housing will be available in one of the University of Pennsylvania’s high rise residence halls. The tour buses will depart from a location near the hall. There are also several hotels within an easy walk to Wednesday’s reception and plenary, Thursday’s bus tour departure sites, and Saturday’s paper sessions.
A detailed schedule will be posted here when conference registration opens February 11, 2019.
The reception for the plenary event and awards is from 4:30-5:30pm on Wednesday, so make your travel plans accordingly.
The Darby/Southwest and Tacony/Northeast tours are limited to 100 participants each, so register early.
Thursday’s Germantown/Northwest and Tacony/Northeast tours, and Friday’s Center City tours include a lot of walking. Please contact the conference organizer if you will require transportation between sites on these tours.
We look forward to seeing you in the City of Brotherly Love!
The 2019 conference receives generous support from the University of Pennsylvania’s Historic Preservation Program and the University of Delaware’s Center for Historic Architecture and Design.